South Korea`s pension system has only recently been in place compared to other democratic nations. Half of the population aged 65 and over live in relative poverty, almost four times the oecd average of 13% for organisational economic co-orp states. This makes poverty in the elderly an urgent social problem. Public spending on social protection by public administrations (central, local and local governments, including social security funds) is twice the OECD average and the lowest percentage of GDP among OECD member states.  Voluntary policyholders are not subject to mandatory coverage, but may choose to do so. This category includes the 60,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 people under the age of 27 without income; and persons whose spouses are covered by a public social protection scheme, whether it is the military system, the government or the private system.  As with each policyholder, voluntary policyholders are responsible for covering all contributions. The National Pension Scheme is the national pension scheme created in South Korea in 1988. It is part of Korea`s social security programs and was introduced in 1986 by the National Pension Act.  To qualify for a pension, a person must be at least 62 years old and have made at least ten years of contributions.  Reduced early retirement can be achieved at age 56. The normal retirement age will be raised to 65 by 2033 and the reduced early retirement age will be raised to 60.  The national pension system was created with a strong redistributive element and participation is required by law.
 In 2013, only 29% of seniors received pension at the national level.  One of the current problems with the national pension system is that every 30,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 The National Basic Livelihood Security (NBLS) is a public support system that provides guaranteed income to seniors who do not receive family benefits and whose incomes are below the national poverty line.  It was implemented in 2000 by the South Korean government in response to rising unemployment and poverty caused by the 1997 Korean financial crisis.  The Korean government has always focused on rapid economic development and insufficient attention to social programs has led to a weak safety net. The national poverty guidelines for the previous pension programme have been revised as part of the national basic online security system.  In 2000, the minimum cost of living for a one-person household was KRW324,011, rising to 401,466 KRW in 2005.  Despite the revision of the Poverty Directive, only 15% of people aged 65 and over have received basic national protection because of eligibility requirements.  Workers between the ages of 18 and 59 are covered by the company pension plan and contribute 4.5% of their gross monthly salary.
 The national pension scheme includes workers working in companies with five or more employees; Fischer; Farmers Self-employed workers, both in rural and urban areas.