Crowdsourcing and outbound sharing involve a direct relationship with citizens. With crowdsourcing, citizens support the government. In outbound sharing, there are two types of relationships: citizens who ask the government for help and citizens and the government who agree with each other. In addition, there are certain characteristics of social networks related to outbound sharing in the provision of public services: reciprocity measures the reciprocity of directed obligations. In this network, summit-level reciprocity (i.e. the ratio of pairs of alternative vertices) measures the percentage of cases where a fan page “liked” another fan page, which in turn “liked” the original fan page. You need to be careful not to just find the pages with the highest reciprocity ratio, as these are probably the pages with the lowest number of likes. Instead, assess the reciprocity of nodes that have already been identified as positioned at key points in the network (e.B. high centrality measures already discussed). Review the key users you previously identified.
Which ones have the greatest reciprocity? Which ones have the weakest reciprocity? What could be the reason? To say that markets are made up of both potential and actual barter operations underscores the role of competition as an essential force in the market, a role that Weber (1978, p. 635) emphasizes when he defines: “It can be said that a market exists wherever there is competition, even if only unilaterally, to create opportunities for exchange between various potential parties.” Competition means that sellers can choose from potential alternative buyers and buyers can choose from potential alternative sellers. The conditions under which the exchange is actually carried out on a market cannot be adequately understood without taking into account potential alternative transactions that the respective parties could have chosen but would not have chosen. Transactions on the market “are always a social act insofar as the potential partners in their offers are guided by the potential action of an indefinitely large group of real or imaginary competitors and not only by their own actions” (Weber 1978, p. 636). As social agreements, markets consist of bilateral barter transactions, both actual and potential. Unlike theft or forced abduction, exchange is a peaceful way to get what you want. It is based on a mutual agreement between the commercial parties. .